A preschool, also known as nursery school, pre-primary school, playschool or kindergarten, is an educational establishment or learning space offering early childhood education to children before they begin compulsory education at primary school.
Important goals of preschool programs are to help children acquire social skills and learning related skills. Although beneficial for all children, these programs are especially important for children in disadvantaged groups, guiding them toward healthier development and giving them the tools they need before school entry.
Preschool programs provide early childhood education and care for children, and help them develop a range of skills that make them ready to learn when they start school, such as:
the ability to empathize and interact successfully with their peer group, and also relate easily to adults.
the ability to have adequate language skills in order to benefit from experiences facilitating their cognitive, educational and social development.
Executive function skills:
the ability to hold and manipulate information in the brain, plan and regulate one’s behavior, problem-solve, and be creative.
Emotional self-regulation skills:
the ability to adapt behaviors depending on the situation, to control impulses and to shift attention.
Self-regulation in learning skills:
the ability to postpone immediate satisfaction to attain long-term goals, sustain attention, be persistent, and remain concentrated.